Sps Agreement Upsc

Specific sanitary and phytosanitary requirements are most frequently applied on a bilateral basis between trading countries. Developing countries benefit from the SPS Convention because it provides an international framework for sanitary and phytosanitary agreements between countries, regardless of their political and economic strength or technological capacity. In the absence of such an agreement, developing countries could be disadvantaged if they challenge unjustified trade restrictions. In addition, under the SPS agreement, governments must accept imported products that meet their safety requirements, whether these products are the result of simpler, less sophisticated methods or advanced technologies. Strengthening technical assistance to developing countries in the area of food safety and animal and plant health, either bilaterally or through international organisations, is also part of the SPS Agreement. This introduction examines the text of the SPS Agreement as contained in the Final Act of the Uruguay Round of Multilateral Trade Negotiations, signed in Marrakesh on 15 April 1994. This Agreement, as well as other agreements contained in the Final Act, form part of the Treaty establishing the World Trade Organisation (WTO), as well as the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade as amended (GATT 1994). The WTO replaced the GATT as the umbrella organization for international trade. The WTO secretariat has prepared this text to promote public understanding of the SPS Agreement. The intention is not to allow a legal interpretation of the agreement.

The WTO Agreement on Sanitary and Phytosanitary (SPS) Measures provides guidance to Member States to adopt measures relating to food safety and animal and plant health due to different biosecurity risks. These risks are generally related to pests and diseases and may be related to risks related to additives, toxins and contaminants in food and feed. The decision to start the Uruguay Round of trade negotiations was taken after years of public debate, including debate in national governments. The decision to negotiate an agreement on the application of sanitary and phytosanitary measures was taken in 1986 with the launch of the round. .